The ethos of laparoscopic surgery is to undertake the same operation through laparoscopic ports or ‘key holes’ rather than through a conventional big incision. This translates to lesser pain and early recovery while achieving the same results.The laparoscope has been one of the key advances in surgery, making much of minimally invasive surgery today possible.A laparoscope is a thin, fiber-optic tube that has a tiny video camera at its tip. The laparoscope is inserted through a small incision, generally but not always, in the navel, and guided to the problem area. The surgeon then inserts tiny surgical instruments through other small incisions to perform a procedure.The major benefit of laparoscopic surgery is that it only requires a few small incisions. This means less pain and external scarring and healing may be faster than traditional, open surgery.